The layers of skin can be divided into 3 main layers: the stratum corneum (cell layer), the epidermis and the dermis. What goes on beneath the surface is a constant cycle of renew and repair as the skin regenerates itself. This process pushes the old cells to the surface as new ones continue to form.

The skin naturally sheds dead skin cells through a process called desquamation. Every 28 days, on average, a new skin cell is “born” in the stratum germinativum, the deepest layer of the epidermis. The cell travels up through the epidermis until it reaches the uppermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. Once the cell reaches this layer, it is essentially dead. Ideally, new skin cells arrive at the skin’s surface, pushing older cells off.

Our Skin

In conjunction with this process, the oil glands which secrete sebum harden and environmental substances also attach themselves to the surface of the skin leading to a build-up. The skin then tends to look dry, dull and lifeless. As well as dehydration, the stratum corneum can thicken causing sluggish circulation and poor oxidation.

Exfoliating your skin regularly rids the skin of dead skin cell build-up around the follicles, promotes smooth and evenly textured skin as well as allowing a more thorough cleanse to reveal the newer skin cells underneath.

As we age, cellular regeneration becomes less efficient so the need for mechanical as well as chemical exfoliation is imperative to assist with removing the top layer of dead cells.